Botox® Cosmetic is
name of Botulism Toxin Type A, a purified toxin
produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulism.
In large amounts, this toxin blocks the nerve
impulses to muscles, causing a form of paralysis
Lines - The bunching of skin from facial
muscle contraction causes frown lines. When
we frown, the skin between our eyebrows is
gathered into a fold, which eventually causes
a chronic furrow. This gives our face a frustrated,
discouraged, angry look, which is distracting
to others and a bother to us.
do you put the Botox® Cosmetic? -
The frown line between the eyebrows is caused
by the action of a muscle called the corrugator.
You can feel this muscle as a thickening just
below the inside of your eyebrows, when you
purposefully make yourself frown.
Injecting Botox® Cosmetic directly
into the corrugator muscle stops your ability
to draw your eyebrows together when you frown.
Once the muscle is paralyzed, it cannot contract,
and the frown line gradually fades away.
does Botox® Cosmetic start
to work and how long does it last? - The
results of Botox® Cosmetic treatment
start to appear in three to ten days. The treated
muscles will gradually regain their action
over three to five months. When the frown line
starts to reappear, a simple repeat treatment
is all that is necessary to maintain the desired
are the other uses of Botox® Cosmetic? - Botox® Cosmetic has
also been shown to soften and reduce crow's
feet and forehead wrinkles. Botox® Cosmetic can
reduce the appearance of some lines that are
caused by other hyper functional facial muscles
such as nose creases, necklines and neckbands.
Botox can dramatically reduce excessive sweating
from the armpits.
can perform Botox® Cosmetic treatment? - Botox® Cosmetic therapy
should only be performed under the direction
of a physician experienced and trained in the
use of Botox.
Has Botox® Cosmetic been
tested? - Botox® Cosmetic has
been used since 1980 for the treatment of strabismus
(lazy eye), and blepharospasm (uncontrolled
eye blinking). Botox has been used for hyper
functional facial lines since 1989. Major reviews
of Botox® Cosmetic therapy
have been published in the Journal of the American
Academy of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery.
effects? - As with any injection there
can be temporary pain, swelling, redness,
bruising, headache or local discomfort.
The side effects are mainly related to the
effect of Botox®
Cosmetic on local muscles. Rarely,
patients have been reported to develop a
slight lowering of an eyelid (ptosis), or
slight lowering of the forehead. This is
temporary, and resolves in a few weeks.
Some patients may have an uneven or incomplete
response to treatment. Botox®
Cosmetic does reduce the action of
the muscles of facial expression. Patients
with neuromuscular disorders should inform
their doctor before therapy. Botox®
Cosmetic therapy should not be administered
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